Warning Signs of Periodontal Disease

What are the Warning Signs of Periodontal Disease?


What are the warning signs and the factors that increase the susceptibility to periodontal disease?

Unlike tooth decay which often causes discomfort, it is possible to have periodontal disease without noticeable symptoms.  That is why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important.

Several warning signs can signal a problem and several factors can increase the risk of developing periodontal disease.  While periodontal disease may begin slowly for some patients, others may develop a rapidly progressive form of the disease.

Several warning signs that can signal a problem:

  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Red, swollen, tender gums
  • Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste
  • Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
  • Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • Any change in the fit of partial dentures

Some factors that increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:

  • Tobacco smoking or chewing
  • Systemic diseases such as diabetes
  • Some types of medication such as steroids
  • Some types of anti-epilepsy drugs and cancer therapy drugs
  • Some calcium channel blockers
  • Bridges that no longer fit properly
  • Crooked teeth
  • Fillings that have become defective

Pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives

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